|Lupine leaves and racemes|
|IAE staff use a grid to census the lupine plants|
|Monitoring methods: grid in forest clearing (l), transect on roadside (r)|
Aside from concerns about low genetic biodiversity, these lupine populations are vulnerable to encroachment of invasive species, disturbance and competition for resources from associated vegetation. Kincaid's lupine thrives in areas that receive high levels of sunlight, so decreasing canopy cover can have a positive effect on the populations' health. In 2010, the BLM treated four of the sites monitored by IAE by significantly thinning small shrubs and trees to open up the canopy around established plots. At three of the four sites it appears that plants have responded positively, as evidenced by an overall increase in foliar cover and number of inflorescences. Continued monitoring will provide more information about the success of this experimental treatment.